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Correlational findings

Study Cunado & Pérez de Gracia (2012): study ES 2008

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2008
Survey name:
EU-ESS 4: 2008
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2563
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Main activity
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, text not reported.
a Paid work
b Student
c Unemployed, looking for work
d Sick, disabled
e Retired
f   Housewife, children
g Other (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i OLRC = +/- none ALL
                     OLRC       SE
Paid work            +.11(ns)  0.32
Student              +.31(ns)  1.17
Unemployed           -.78(01)  7.76
Sick, disabled       -.90(05)  6.14
Retired              +.49(05)  4.39
Housework            0.23(ns)  1.27
Other (reference)      -

OLRC controlled for:
- age and age squared
- gender
- income
- education
- marital status
- radio listening
- newspaper reading
- internet use
- time watching tv
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i OLRC = +/- none OLRC's after additionally controlling for:
- self-perceived health

ALL
                     OLRC       SE
Paid work            +.16(ns)  0.60
Student              +.24(ns)  0.69
Unemployed           -.77(01)  7.51
Sick, disabled       -.08(ns)  0.05
Retired              +.60(05)  6.53
Housework            +.32(ns)  2.54
Other (reference)      -

Lower incomes are less affected by unemployment (OLRC=-.17(ns)) and by sickness (OLRC=+2.36(05))
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i OLRC = +/- none MALES

                     OLRC       SE
Paid work            -.16(ns)  0.18
Student              +.33(ns)  0.54
Unemployed          -1.42(01)  9.03
Sick, disabled       -.21(ns)  0.12
Retired              -.04(ns)  0.09
Housework            -.23(ns)  0.22
Other (reference)      -
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i OLRC = +/- none FEMALES

                     OLRC       SE
Paid work            +.21(ns)  0.64
Student              -.06(ns)  0.02
Unemployed           -.36(ns)  0.90
Sick, disabled       -.52(ns)  1.00
Retired              +.91(01)  8.55
Housework            +.60(05)  6.06
Other (reference)      -