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Correlational findings

Study Austrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982

Public:
23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1038
Non Response:
45%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Age
Our Classification
Operationalization
Single open-ended question: How old are you?

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-a r = -.03 ALL Ss (married (including not formally married cohabitating Ss (considered as married)) and non-married):

ß   = -.03 after control for: gender, household income, marital status, being in love, desire to change dating pattern or marital status, locus of control, social support (1. instrumental: problems managing money, deciding how to spend money, not enough money to do things, unsatisfying job, not enough money to get by on; 2. expressive: no close companions, no one to depend on, unsatisfactory sex life, problems communicating, dissatisfied with marital satus, not enough close friends, no one to show love/affection, too dependent on others, not having children, no one to understand problems; 3. interpersonal demands: too many responsibilities, no one to depend on, too many demands on time, problems communicating, problems with children, problems with spouse/ex-spouse, conflicts with those who are close), and satisfaction with: job and financial situation, friendships, love relationships and living situation.

NON-MARRIED Ss ONLY:

- males:   r = -.32  ß = -.16
- females: r = +.10  ß = +.01
Beta's controlled for the same vaiables, except marital status and gender.