Correlational findings

Study Oh et al. (2014): study US Michigan 2014

Internet users, Michigan, USA, 2014
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 339
Non Response
Respondents were given a diary survey booklet and asked to record their first session of SNS use each evening over a 5-day period(Sunday-Thursday). The title page of the booklet included a brief introduction about the study including the purpose of the survey and general instructions for keeping the diary. The second page then contained questions about participants’ general SNS use and detailed instructions on how to respond to the questions about their SNS use and feelings after their SNS session on each day.


Authors's Label
Positive and negative affect
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha: Positive affect:: .86, negative affect ; .81
PANAS: Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988 The exploratory factor analysis with the Varimax rotation was performed to validate our measure. Thirteen items yielded a two-factor solution, namely positive affect (weekly average = 4.08, SD = .04, a = .86) and negative affect (weekly average = 2.47, SD = 1.01, a = 81).
Weekly positive affect M = 4,08 SD =0,04
weekly negative affect M = 2,47, Sd =1,01
Affect was measured with the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule
(PANAS) scale supplemented
by items that came out from a pretest through undergraduate students in a media research class. Students were
asked to indicate other feelings they had after using social networking
sites that were not listed in PANAS, which yielded thirteen
items in total. Each item was measured with a 7-point scale ranging
from (1) definitely false to (7) definitely true.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-u-mq-v-7-a r = + s Positive affect: r = + 30 (01)
Negative affect: r = -.04 (05)
correlation with affect Balance hencd positive and significant
O-Sum-u-mq-v-7-a Beta = +. Positive affect: Beta = + 21 (001)
Negative affect: Beta =   ?? (ns)
correlation with affect Balance hencd positive

Beta controlled for:
- number of social media friends
- supportive interaction
- sense of community
- companionship
- appraisal
- esteem