Correlational findings

Study Leeuw (2012): study NL 2012

Children 9-12,5 years,, Netherlands, 2012
Survey name:
Unnamed study
N = 183
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper


Authors's label
General selfesteem
Our Classification
How much appreciates a child her- or himself as a person in general. Is her or his self-esteem positive? How good is the child at school in her or his own perception and how is her or his assessment of her or his achievements at school. Self-Perception profile for Children (SPPC). 36 items, scored on 4-pointsscale. Children can pick out of two statements to indicate whether the statement is 'really true' for them or only 'sort of true' . Examples:
1. Some children are usually dissatisfied about themselves, but other children are quite satisfied about themselves.
2. Some children are dissatisfied about their own life, but other children are satisfied about their own life.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-g-mq-f-5-a r = +.51 p < .01 Average Individual Happiness before, immediately after, and 7 weeks after happiness lessons by self-reported general self-esteem.