Correlational findings

Study Leeuw (2012): study NL 2012

Children 9-12,5 years,, Netherlands, 2012
Survey name:
Unnamed study
N = 183
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper


Authors's label
Athletic competence
Our Classification
Does the child feel it can fully participate in sports, gymnastics, and outdoor activities?
How good (athletic) is the child at school in her or his own perception and how is her or his assessment of her or his achievements at school. Self-Perception profile for Children (SPPC). 36 items, scored on 4-pointsscale. Children can pick out of two statements to indicate whether the statement is 'really true' for them or only 'sort of true' . Examples:
1. Some children are very good in sports and gymnastics, but other children are not so good in sports and gymnastics.
2. Some children would like it very much to be better in sports or gymnastics, but other children believe they already are good in sports and gymnastics.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-g-mq-f-5-a r = +.34 p < .01 Average Individual Happiness before, immediately after, and 7 weeks after happiness lessons by self-reprted athletic competence.