print

Correlational findings

Study Cunado & Pérez de Gracia (2012): study ES 2008

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2008
Survey name:
EU-ESS 4: 2008
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2563
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Time watching tv
Our Classification
Operationalization
Time per day watching TV:
7 >3hr
6 2,5-3 hr
5 2-2,5 hr
4 1,5-2 hr
3 1-1,5 hr
2 0,5-1 hr
1 <0,5 hr
0 No time at all

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i DM = +/-              Happiness   SD    DM
>3 hr           7.24    1.86   -
2,5-3 hr        7.59    1.73  +.35
2-2,5 hr        7.70    1.52  +.46
1,5-2 hr        7.89    1.47  +.65
1-1,5 hr        7.65    1.54  +.41
0,5-1 hr        7,74    1.55  +.50
<0,5 hr         7.68    1.77  +.44
No time at all  7.24    1.93   .00
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i OLRC = +/-               OLRC      SE
>3 hr            -    
2,5-3 hr       +.21(ns)   1.11
2-2,5 hr       +.27(.10)  2.78
1,5-2 hr       +.36(.05)  5.12    
1-1,5 hr       +.01(ns)   0.00    
0,5-1 hr       +.43(.05)  7.13   
<0,5 hr        +.40(ns)   2.94   
No time at all +.33(ns)   1.13

OLRC controlled for:
- age and age squared
- gender
- income
- education
- marital status
- radio listening
- newspaper reading
- internet use

- all insignificant after additional control for self-perceived health
- similarly non-significant across:
   - males and females
   - paid work or not
   - high and low income