Correlational findings

Study Brown et al. (2009a): study US 2006

Participants in a mindfulness meditation course, USA, 200?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 69
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
completed in a 1-hour single session


Authors's Label
Mindfulness (MAAS)
Our Classification
M = 3.89; SD 0.59
The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale is a 15-item trait measure assessing the frequency of open attention to and awareness of internal states and external events in the present.
-I could be experiencing some emotion and not be conscious of it until some time later.
-I break or spill things because of carelessness, not paying attention, or thinking of something else.
-I find it difficult to stay focused on what’s happening in the present.
-I tend to walk quickly to get where I’m going without paying attention to what I experience along the way.
-I tend not to notice feelings of physical tension or discomfort until they really grab my attention.
-I forget a person’s name almost as soon as I’ve been told it for the first time.
-It seems I am "running on automatic," without much awareness of what I’m doing.
-I rush through activities without being really attentive to them.
-I get so focused on the goal I want to achieve that I lose touch with what I’m doing right now to get there.
-I do jobs or tasks automatically, without being aware of what I'm doing.
-I find myself listening to someone with one ear, doing something else at the same time.
-I drive places on ‘automatic pilot’ and then wonder why I went there.
-I find myself preoccupied with the future or the past.
-I find myself doing things without paying attention.
-I snack without being aware that I’m eating.
Rated 0 = almost always, 1 = very frequently, 2 = somewhat frequently, 4 = somewhat infrequently, 5 = very infrequently, 6 = almost never.
Higher scores indicate higher mindfulness.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO-*-mq-v*-7-e r = +.4 p < .001