Correlational findings

Study Kehr (2003): study DE 2000

Managers participating in a personality development course, Germany, 2000
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 99
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
goal conflict time 3
Our Classification
M - 6.19; SD 8.02
Participants defined 6 important personal goals. Then, goals were arranged in a two- dimensional goal matrix. Goals were compared with every other goal by indicating how the pursuit of the goals supports or inhibits the other goals. The inter-goal relation was scored from -2 (very harmful) to +2 (very helpful). After sign reversal the scale range = -30 (very instrumental goal relations ) to + 30 (very strong goal conflict)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-c-mq-n-7-b r = - ns T1 happiness by T3 goal conflict
Positive affect  .00
Negative affect +.03 (ns)
Hence affect balance -
A-AB-c-mq-n-7-b r = - ns T3 happiness by T3 goal conflict
Positive affect -.18(ns)
Negative affect +.21(05)
Hence affect balance -

T1: 4 weeks before traininhg
T2: right after 2-day training
T3: 4 months after training