Correlational findings

Study Fordyce (1983): study US 1980 /3

Student, participants in a happiness training 9-18 months ago, USA 198?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 69
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Program to increase personal happiness
Our Classification
The '14 fundamental' behaviours are: - keep busy - spend more time socializing - beproductive at meaningful work -get better organized and plam -stop worrying - lower your expectations - develop positive thinking - become present oriented - work on a healthy personality - develop an outgoing social personality - be yourself - eliminate negative feeling and problems - close relations are number one for happiness - put happiness as your number one priority
In the context of a regular course, students had been introduced in the science of happiness and were presented a brief overview of the '14 fundamentals', which program was presented as 'new information on happiness self-help resulting from research'
Several classes of students were additionally given detailed instruction in each of the 14 fundamentals and were stimulated to practice these behaviors on a daily basis.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-Sum-g-mq-*-111-a DM = + Average happiness at 9-18 month follow up 12 points higher than "it would have been without the education"
(According to investigator. No quantitative data provided, probably comparison with controls in earlier studies)

Happiness measured in the context of a wider questionnaire on the long-term experience with the 14 fundamentals training, on which most respondents answered that the training had made them happier