Correlational findings

Study Fordyce (1983): study US 1980

Student participants in a happiness training, USA 198?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 71
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Program to increase personal happiness
Our Classification
The '14 fundamental' behaviours are: - keep busy and be more active - spend more time socializing - be productive at meaningful work -get better organized and plan -stop worrying - lower your expectations - develop positive thinking - become present oriented - work on a healthy personality - develop an outgoing social personality - be yourself - eliminate negative feeling and problems - close relations are number one for happiness - put happiness as your number one priority
In the context of a regular course, students were introduced in the science of happiness and presented a brief overview of the '14 fundamentals', which program was presented as 'new information on happiness self-help resulting from research'

1  TREATMENT: Additional FULL exposure
Students were additionally given detailed instruction in each of the 14 fundamentals and were stimulated to practice these behaviors on a daily basis.

0: CONTROL: PARTIAL additional exposure of 4 fundamentals only

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-Sum-g-mq-*-111-a DMa = + ns Post-test mean LEVEL of happiness, corrected for pre-test differences in happiness between treated and controls

Treated       Ma = 71,2
Controls      Ma = 67,2
- difference      + 4,0
A-Sum-g-mq-*-111-a D%sr = +                   +3,6% A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a DMa = + ns Treated       Ma = 7,7
Controls      Ma = 7,4
- difference      +0,3
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a D%sr = + ns                    +3% A-TH-g-mq-th%-100-a DMa = + Treated       Ma = 50,5
Controls      Ma = 40,4
- difference       10,1
A-TH-g-mq-th%-100-a D%sr = +                  +10,1%

Net time happy computed by WDH team

Happiness assessed unobtrusively in both groups as part of the course work

Pre-post test difference 10 weeks