Correlational findings

Study Austrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982

23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
N =
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Being in love
Our Classification
Single closed question rated on a 4-point scale: Are you currently in love: 1. yes for the first time, 2. yes but not for the first time, 3. no but I have been in love, 4. I have never been in love.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-a r = +.28 ALL Ss (married (including not formally married cohabitating Ss (considered as married)) and non-married):

O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-a Beta = -.11 ß controlled for:
gender, age, household income, marital status, desire to change dating pattern or marital status, locus of control, social support (1. instrumental: problems managing money, deciding how to spend money, not enough money to do things, unsatisfying job, not enough money to get by on; 2. expressive: no close companions, no one to depend on, unsatisfactory sex life, problems communicating, dissatisfied with marital status, not enough close friends, no one to show love/affection, too dependent on others, , not having children, no one to understand problems; 3. interpersonal demands: too many responsibilities, no one to depend on, too many demands on time, problems communicating, problems with children, problems with spouse/ex-spouse, conflicts with those who are close), and satisfaction with: job and financial situation, friendships, love relationships and living situation.


- not in love:  Mt = 6.9
- in love:      Mt = 7.4
Difference Significant: (01)

- males:    r = +.12    ß = -.09
- females:  r = +.04    ß = -.09
Beta's controlled for the same variables as above, except gender and marital status.