Correlational findings

Study Fordyce (1983): study US 1980 /1

Student participants in a happiness training, USA 198?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 98
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Program to increase personal happiness
Our Classification
The '14 fundamental' behaviours are: - keep busy - spend more time socializing - beproductive at meaningful work -get better organized and plam -stop worrying - lower your expectations - develop positive thinking - become present oriented - work on a healthy personality - develop an outgoing social personality - be yourself - eliminate negative feeling and problems - close relations are number one for happiness - put happiness as your number one priority
In the context of a regular course, students were introduced in the science of happiness and presented a brief overview of the '14 fundamentals', which program was presented as 'new information on happiness self-help resulting from research'

1  TREATMENT: Extra exposure
Students were additionally given detailed instruction in each of the 14 fundamentals and were stimulated to practice these behaviors on a daily basis.

0: CONTROL: No additional exposure

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-Sum-g-mq-*-111-a DMa = + ns CHANGE happiness,post-test level corrected for pre-test differences in happiness between treated and controls

Treated       Ma = 72,2
Controls      Ma = 64,7
- difference      + 7,5
A-Sum-g-mq-*-111-a D%sr = +                   +6,7% A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a DMa = + ns Treated       Ma = 7,9
Controls      Ma = 7,5
- difference      +0,4
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a D%sr = +                   +4% A-TH-g-mq-th%-100-a DMa = + Treated       Ma = 48,1
Controls      Ma = 37,8
- difference       10,3

Net time happy computed by WDH team

Happiness was assessed unobtrusively in both groups as part of the course work.
Pre-post test time difference not reported
A-TH-g-mq-th%-100-a D%sr = +                   +10%