# Correlational findings

## Study Helliwell & Huang (2013): study CA 2011

Public
16+ aged, general public, Canada, 2011
Survey name
CN-Happiness Monitor Survey 2011
Sample
Respondents
N = 5025
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: Conputer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)

## Correlate

Authors's Label
Real life friends
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Single question:
"How big is your real-life social network of friends?"
5 More than 50 friends
4 Between 30 and 50 friends
3 Between 20 and 30 friends
2 Between 10 and 20 friends
1 Less than 10 friends (reference)

## Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a = +.33 p < .01 ALL
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.50   .07
20-30 friends         +.71   .10
30 or more friends    +.67   .12

b's controlled for:
- other categories of real-life friends
- online friends
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a = +.19 p < .01                        b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.29   .06
20-30 friends         +.32   .09
30 or more friends    +.36   .11

- income
- gender
- age and age squared
- marital status
- education
- employment
- exercise per week (hours)
- volunteer or contribute to charity
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a = +.16 p < .01                        b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.26   .06
20-30 friends         +.29   .09
30 or more friends    +.30   .11

- stress
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a = + ns PARTNERED ONLY
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.12   .08
20-30 friends         +.04   .11
30 or more friends    +.14   .14
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a = + p < .01 NON-PARTNERED ONLY
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.55   .12
20-30 friends         +.80   .17
30 or more friends    +.72   .18

b's controlled for:
- other categories of reallife friends
- online friends
- income
- gender
- age and age squared
- marital status
- education
- employment
- exercise per week (hours)
- volunteer or contribute to charity
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-a = +.29 p < .01 ALL
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.51   .09
20-30 friends         +.67   .14
30 or more friends    +.48   .15
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-a = + p < .01 PARTNERED ONLY
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.38   .11
20-30 friends         +.36   .17
30 or more friends    +.24   .18
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-a = + p < .01 NON-PARTNERED ONLY
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +0.74   .17
20-30 friends         +1.23   .24
30 or more friends    +0.87   .26

b's controlled for:
- other categories of reallife friends
- online friends
- income
- gender
- age and age squared
- marital status
- education
- employment
- exercise per week (hours)
- volunteer or contribute to charity
O-HL-?-sq-v-4-a = + p < .01 ALL
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.54   .09
20-30 friends         +.69   .12
30 or more friends    +.70   .14
O-HL-?-sq-v-4-a = + p < .05 PARTNERED ONLY
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +.40   .10
20-30 friends         +.42   .14
30 or more friends    +.44   .18
O-HL-?-sq-v-4-a = + p < .01 NON-PARTNERED ONLY
b      SE
10-20 friends (vs<10) +0.77  .15
20-30 friends         +1.16  .14
30 or more friends    +1.12  .22

b's controlled for:
- other categories of reallife friends
- online friends
- income
- gender
- age and age squared
- marital status
- education
- employment
- exercise per week (hours)
- volunteer or contribute to charity