Correlational findings

Study Arampatzi et al. (2018): study NL 2012

15-44 aged, internet users, The Netherlands, 2012-2013
Survey name
NL-LISS 2012-2013
N = 1944
Non Response
Questionnaire: Conputer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)


Authors's Label
Social loneliness
Our Classification
Social loneliness index: De Jong Gierveld et al.(2006) A 6-item scale for overall, emotional and social loneliness: tested on data from 7 countries in the UN generations and gender surveys. Research on aging, 28(5), 582-598.
Scale:0-6; M:1,20; SD:1,81
Social Loneliness Index :
a There are enough people I can count on in case of a misfortune
b I know many people on whom I can completely rely
c There are enough peopleto whom I feel closely connected"
1 Yes
0 No

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-j Beta = -.11 p < .01 Beta controlled for:
- time spent on social network sites
- time spent on internet (other)
- time spent on online games
- trust in people
- gender
- age
- employment status
- marital status
- education
- year dummies
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-j Beta = -.04 p < .05 Beta additionally controlled for:
- infrequent contact with family
- infrequent contact with friends
- satisfaction with social contacts