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Correlational findings

Study Arampatzi et al. (2018): study NL 2012

Public:
15-44 aged, internet users, The Netherlands, 2012-2013
Survey name:
NL-LISS 2012-2013
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1944
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's label
Contact with friends
Our Classification
Operationalization
Single question:
"How often do you do the following: Spend an evening with friends?"
7 Almost every day
6 Once or twice a week
5 A few times per month
4 About once per month
3 A number of times per year
2 About once per year
1 Never

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-j DM = - ns                    Mean happiness
             Frequency of social media use/week
               <10 hrs     >10 hrs   DM
Few contacts    7.05        7.18     -.13
Many contacts   7.23        7.38     -.15
- difference    +.18        +.20
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-j Beta = +.07 ns Beta controlled for:
- time spent on social network sites
- time spent on internet (other)
- time spent on online games
- trust in people
- gender
- age
- employment status
- marital status
- education
- year dummies

Propensity score matching produces similar results
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-j Beta = -.04 ns Beta additionally controlled for:
- infrequent contact with family
- satisfaction with social contacts
- social loneliness