Correlational findings

Study Nelson et al. (2014): study US 2009

Students participanting in a well-being training and controls, USA 200?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 62
Non Response
Questionnaire: Conputer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)


Authors's Label
self-affirmation training
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Students were randomly assigned to a treatment and control group. Both groups were told that they engaged in activities to promote their wellbeing and participated 4 weeks.

1: TREATMENT: Participants were invited to choose a value from a list of 15 (e.g. independence, music/art, honesty, relationships with family/friends), to write about why the value is important to them, incl, personal expperiences demonstrating its significance. After the 1 st week participants were told they would continue to focus on their most important values, and that, if they chose to write about their activities from the previous day. To try to focus on different aspects of that value.
0: CONTROLS: Controls were instructed to write about their activities from the previous day - a "positive exercise" ostensibly designed to improve their organizational skills.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-b DM = + ns              Happiness LEVEL            
             T1    T2    T3    T4    T5    T6
Treatment    3,44  3,50  3,48  3,43  3,60  3,54
Controls     3.56  3,46  3,22  3,36  3,41  3,43
-difference -0.12 +0.04 +0.26 +0.07 +0,19 +0,11

T1-T6 CHANGE happiness treatment group    +0,10
T1-T6 CHANGE happiness control group      -0,13
Difference with CHANGE in control group   +0.23
A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-b D%sr = + ns T5-T1 CHANGE happiness treatment group    +4.0%
Difference with CHANGE in control group   +7.8%

T6-T1 CHANGE happiness treatment group    +2.5%
Difference with CHANGE in control group   +5.8%
A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-b b-fix = ns Fixed effects analysis reveals a small short-term effect, which does not last

Happiness assessed at
T1: base line
T2: after week 1 of training
T3: after week 2 of training
T4: after week 3 of training
T5: after week 4 of training
T6: 2 more weeks follow-up