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Correlational findings

Study Emmons & McCullough (2003): study US 1998

Public:
Students, participating in a gratitude excercise, USA, 1998
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 166
Non Response:
Assessment:
Diary

Correlate

Authors's label
Counting blessings, hassles, and social comparison.
Our Classification
Operationalization
Students were randomly assigned to 10 weekly excercises on either.
A: Gratitude condition with gratitude exercises;
B: Hassles condition, listing up and thinking about five hasles
C: Social comparison, assessment of relative positive aspects of own life.

(No control-group)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-md-mqr-v-5-a a = + Average happiness during the 13 days intervention. Happiness before intervention not reported. No control-group.
              Factor scores of
              Positive   Negative  Affect
              affect     affect    balance
A Gratitude   +0,24      +0,00     +  
B Hassels     -0.26      +0,00     -
C Comparison  +0.00      -0.06     -
A-AB-md-mqr-v-5-a AoC = Positive affect: A>B>C (p<05)
Negative affect: Difference A,B,C not significant.
Affect Balance not computed,significance unknown.