Study Austrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
- 23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
- N = 1038
- Non Response
- Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
- Authors's Label
- Marital status
- Our Classification
- Related specification variables
- 0 Non-married
1 Married (not formally married
Observed Relation with Happiness
- males: G' = +.47
- females: G' = +.52
- males: DMt = +0.9
- females: DMt = +0.8
2. expressive: no close companions, no one to depend on, unsatisfactory sex life, problems communicating, dissatisfied with marital status, not enough close friends, no one to show love/affection, too dependent on others, not having children, no one to understand problems; 3. interpersonal demands: too many responsibilities, no one to depend on, too many demands on time, problems communicating, problems with children, problems with spouse/ex-spouse, conflicts with those who are close), and satisfaction with: job and financial situation, friendships, love relationships and living situation.
No difference after control for 'satisfaction with love relationships' only (DMt =0.0 ns).
- males: DMt= + 0.7
- females: DMt= + 0.8