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Correlational findings

Study Austrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982

Public:
23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1038
Non Response:
45%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Marital status
Our Classification
Operationalization
0 Non-married                      
1 Married (not formally married
  cohabitating included)










Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-3-d G = +.62 p < .001 Weaker when not formally married cohabitating Ss (considered as married) are included
- males:   G' = +.47  
- females: G' = +.52  
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-a r = +.29 p < .001 ALL Ss (including not formally married cohabitating Ss (considered as married)):

- males:    DMt = +0.9
- females:  DMt = +0.8
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.30 ß controlled for: gender, age, household income, being in love, desire to change dating patern or marital status, locus of control, social support (1. instrumental: problems managing money, deciding how to spend money, not enough money to do things, unsatisfying job, not enough money to get by on;
2. expressive: no close companions, no one to depend on, unsatisfactory sex life, problems communicating, dissatisfied with marital status, not enough close friends, no one to show love/affection, too dependent on others, not having children, no one to understand problems; 3. interpersonal demands: too many responsibilities, no one to depend on, too many demands on time, problems communicating, problems with children, problems with spouse/ex-spouse, conflicts with those who are close), and satisfaction with: job and financial situation, friendships, love relationships and living situation.

No difference after control  for 'satisfaction with love relationships' only (DMt =0.0 ns).
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-a DM = + NOT FORMALLY MARRIED COHABITATING Ss EXCLUDED:

- males:   DMt= + 0.7
- females: DMt= + 0.8