Correlational findings

Study Al-Seheel & Noor (2016): study MY 2013

Muslim Students, Malaysia, 201?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 60
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Islamic based gratitude exercise
Our Classification
A: 32 %,, B:  33 %, C: 35 %
Students were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions:

A: Secular-based gratitude exercise.   participants were asked to identify previously unappreciated aspects of their life, for which they are thankful (e.g, supportive relationships,
contributions that others have made for them) ,

B: Islamic-based gratitude exercise. Emphasis on associating any act of gratitude to Almighty Allah. In this exercise, participants were asked to notice how fortunate Allah makes them at present in all aspects of their lives, and recalling all good things in their lives at present and in the past that Allah blesses them with, for which they should be grateful.

C: Life-details exercise (control group)
Participants were asked to take notice of the ordinary details of their daily life, such as attending particular classes, meetings,
typical interactions with friends, and their typical thoughts during a day.

All participants were asked to keep thinking in this pattern for the following two weeks, and writing down one grateful or thankful thing secular-based gratitude and Islamicbased
gratitude exercises), or writing down one thing, event, or circumstance that had affected them (life-details exercise), on a daily basis in the weekly tables provided in the exercise sheets. Students were required to report their grateful things or daily events for the following two weeks.

In the third week, all gratitude exercise participants were instructed to go through their
two weeks list, and then compose a letter of gratitude The gratitude letter aimed to express their gratitude to someone or precious persons who contributed greatly for their grateful situations without any emphasis on any specific association (secular-based gratitude exercise), or to express their gratefulness to the Merciful Allah who grants them with blessings and is responsible for their grateful and blessed situations (Islamic-based gratitude exercise). Participants in the life-details exercise were required to write a description of their typical day, including all important events that usually occurred, after going through their two weeks list .

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO-*-mqr-v-79-a Dz = + p < .05                Pre-     Post     Difference
               exercise exercise
Islamic-based   0.024    0.776   +0.752 (013)
Secular-based  -0.318    0.335   +0.653 (ns)
Life-details     0.12    -0.042  -1.162 (ns)

Difference in mean standardized z-scores before and 17 days after start intervention.

No significant differences in scores between groups.