Correlational findings

Study Froh et al. (2008): study US 2006

12-17 aged participants in a gratitude exercise and controls, USA 2006
Survey name
Unnamed study
N =
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Gratitude increasing intervention
Our Classification
N = A 65, B: 80, C; 65
Related specification variables
Students were randomly assigned to one of three conditions, for a period of 2 weeks.

A: Gratitude condition: "There are many things in our lives, both large and small, that we might be grateful about. Think back over the past day and write down on the lines below up to five things in your life that you are grateful or thankful for."

B: Hasless condition: " Hassles are irritants-things that annoy or bother you. They occur in various areas of life, including our family, friendships, school, health, and so on. Think back over the past day and, on the lines below, list up to five hassles that occurred in your life".

C: The control group just completed the measures.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-cm-sq-n-7-a DM = -                             Happiness LEVEL
                            T1     T2      T3  
A Counting blessings        nr     5,80    nr
B Counting hassles          nr     5,47    nr
C Control                   nr     6,00    nr
- difference A vs C               -0,20
- difference B vs C               -0,53
- difference A vs B               +0,47
O-DT-cm-sq-n-7-a D%sr = - difference A vs C               -3,3 %
- difference B vs C               -8,8 %
- difference A vs B               +7,8 %
nr = not reported
T1: average during 2 week intervention
T2: post intervention
T3: follow-up after 3 weeks