Correlational findings

Study Emmons & McCullough (2003): study US 1998 /1

Students in a wellbeing course, USA, 1998
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 192
Non Response


Authors's Label
Counting blessings/hassles exercises
Our Classification
Gratitude condition: "There are many things in our lives, both large and small, that we we may grateful about.Think over the past week and write downon the lines below uo to five things in your life that you are gratfeul for. Hassles condition: "Hasseles are irritants - things that annoy and bother yoy. They occur in various domains of life, including relationships, work, school, housing finances, health and so forth. Think back over today and, on the lines below, list up ti five hassles that occurred in your life Events condition: What were some of the events or circumstances that affected you in the past week? Think back over the past week and write down on the lines below the five events that had an impact on you
Gratitude n = 65
Hasles n = 64
Controls n = 67
Students were randomly assigned to 10 weekly excercises on either.

1A: Gratitude condition with gratitude exercises;
1B: Hassles condition, listing up and thinking about five hasles

0: CONTROL: Events condition, listing up to five positive, negative or neutral events.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-cw-sq-v-7-a DM = + p < .05                      Happiness lEVEL
                     T1    T2         T2-T1
- Gratitude ecercise nr    5,05       nr
- Listing hassles    nr    4,67       nr
Control:events       nt    4,66       nr

1A>1B,C  1B>0 (control)
nr = not reported
A-AB-cw-mqr-v-5-a a = + ns No significant difference between treatment and control in Positive or Negative affect. O-DT-cw-sq-v-7-a D%sr = + p < .05 Gratitude vs controls      +6.5%