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Correlational findings

Study Emmons & McCullough (2003): study US 1998 /1

Public:
Students in a wellbeing course, USA, 1998
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 192
Non Response:
Assessment:
Diary

Correlate

Authors's label
Counting blessings/hassles exercises
Our Classification
Operationalization
Students were randomly assigned to 10 weekly excercises on either.

1: TREATMENT
1A: Gratitude condition with gratitude exercises;
1B: Hassles condition, listing up and thinking about five hasles

0: CONTROL: Events condition, listing up to five positive, negative or neutral events.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-cw-sq-v-7-a DM = + p < .05                      Happiness lEVEL
                     T1    T2         T2-T1
Treatment:
- Gratitude ecercise nr    5,05       nr
- Listing hassles    nr    4,67       nr
Control:events       nt    4,66       nr



1A>1B,C  1B>0 (control)
nr = not reported
A-AB-cw-mqr-v-5-a a = + ns No significant difference between treatment and control in Positive or Negative affect. O-DT-cw-sq-v-7-a D%sr = + p < .05 Gratitude vs controls      +6.5%