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Correlational findings

Study Della Porta (2013): study ZZ 2007

Public:
Student participants in a kindness training, South Korea and USA 200?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 218
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's label
Performing acts of kindness with or without and autonomy support
Our Classification
Operationalization
Students were randomly assigned to either a 6-week treatment or control condition

1: TREATMENT: Students were instructed to perform five acts of kindness all in one day, once a week, for 6 weeks.

0 CONTROL: Students completed their regularly assigned academic course work

Both treatment and control group:
a: with autonomy support
b: without autonomy support;

Autonomy support involved receiving pre-scripted messages written to look as if they were from fellow students. Each message focused on one of the three ways to satisfy the need for autonomy, namely providing a rationale, giving a sense of choice, and acknowledging the perspective of participants.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-a DM = + ns                     Happiness LEVEL     CHANGE
                    T1    T2    T3      T3-T1
Treatment
- autonomy support  1,41  1,45  1,46    +0,05  
- no support        1,21  1,19  0,98    -0,23
Control
- autonomy support  1,35  1,10  1,11    -0,24
- no support        1,00  1,12  1,09    +0.09

T1: pre-intervention: week 1
T2: mid-intervention: week 3
T3: post-intervention week 6
A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-a D%sr = + ns Treatment
- with support                          +0.6%
- without                               -2,9%
Control
- autonomy support                      -3,0%
- no support                            +1,1%
A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-a DM = +/- ns Relative to CHANGE in control group
- with autonomy support                 +0,29
- without                               -0,32
A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-a D%sr = +/- ns Relative to CHANGE in control group
- with autonomy support                 +3.6%
- without                               -4.0%