Correlational findings

Study Aysan & Aysan (2017): study ZZ Europe 2011

18+ aged, general public, 34 European nations, 2011-2012
Survey name
EU-EQLS 2011-2012
N = 43636
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Social exclusion index
Our Classification
Selfreport on 9 questions:
a. I am optimistic about the future
b. I generally feel that what I do in life is worthwhile.
c. I feel I am free to decide how to live my life.
d. In my daily life, I seldom have time to do the things I really enjoy.
e. I feel left out of society.
f. Life has become so complicated today that I
almost can’t find my way
g. I feel that the value of what I do is not recognised by others
h. Some people look down on me because of my job situation or income
i. I feel close to people in the area where I live.

1 Stronglee disagree
5 Stronglee agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b r = -.41 p < .001 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b Beta = -.26 p < .001 Beta controlled for:
- age
- education
- marital status
- health
- rural/urban
- financial situation
- deprivation

Additonal control for employment status does not effect beta.