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Correlational findings

Study Hoogendoorn (2017): study NL 2013

Public:
15-64 aged, users selfhelp website, Netherlands, 2013
Survey name:
NL-GeluksWijzer
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1869
Non Response:
Assessment:
Diary

Correlate

Authors's label
Unemployment; saddening effect
Our Classification
Remarks
Unemployment as reported on first use of the website. Student and pensioners are not considered as unemployed.
Distribution
1: 1830; 0:1686
Operationalization
1 Unemployed
0 Employed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-b DM = - none Unemployed     M = 6,72
Employed       M = 6,92
- diffference     -0,20
A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-b r = -.15 ns none A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-b Beta = -.18 ns none Beta controlled for:
- gender
- age + age squared
- education
A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-b Beta = -.09 ns none Beta additionally controlled for:
- living situation
A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-b Beta = -.05 ns none Beta additionally controlled:
-  for family income
A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-b DM = - p < .47 none If employed had enjoyed their activities as much as the unemployed did on average:
Unemployed     M = 6,64
Employed       M = 6,79
- diffference     -0,15 (= 'saddening effect')

This difference is unaffected by a 'time composition effect' (unemployed spending more of their time on enjoyable activities)