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Correlational findings

Study Hopfensitz & Mantilla (2018): study ZZ 1970

Public:
Soccer teams playing in World Cup 1970-2014
Survey name:
Not a survey study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 304
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple asesment methods
Happiness in facial expression of players measured using Facereader 6 with artificial neural networks technology. Team performance measured using socces statistics The dependent variables in this study were the number of goals scored and the number of goals conceded., goal difference and World Cup ranking.

Correlate

Authors's label
Year
Our Classification
Operationalization
Year of portrait
1974
;
2014

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CA-m-afa-n-11-a r = +.11 p < .056 A-CA-m-afa-n-11-a r = +.18 p < .014 Stronger in last 5 observations A-CA-m-afa-n-11-a ICC = 0 Variation of player happiness cannot be attributed to Year