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Correlational findings

Study Feller et al. (2013): study DE 1994

Public:
35-65 aged, general population, Germany, followed 4 years1994-2008
Survey name:
EU-EPIC (Europ. Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) 1994-1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 48976
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Baseline instruments to collect several aspects on diet and life-style included self-administered questionnaires, PC-guided interviews and physical examinations

Correlate

Authors's label
Later myocardial infarction
Our Classification
Operationalization
Myocardial infarction, diagnosed at follow-up

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns T1 happiness by T2 myocardial infarction

MEN
                        HR   p  95%CI      n
Very satisfied(ref.)    1                  142
Rather satisfied        1.02 ns 0.82-1.26  241
Unsatisfied             1.36 ns 0.98-1.90   50

HR controlled for:
- age
- study center

'Rather satisfied' men had a 2% increased risk for a myocardial infarct compared to 'very satisfied' men, 'unsatisfied' men had a 36% higher risk for a myocardial infarction compared to the 'very satisfied'.

Additional control for smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, education,waist/hip ratio, fruits/vegetables consumption, red meat consumption, wholegrain consumption,hypertension and diabetes 2 did not effect lambda significantly.
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns WOMEN
                       HR    p   95%CI     n
Very satisfied(ref.)   1                   32
Rather satisfied       1.49 .052 0.98-2.26 82
Unsatisfied            1.66 .052 0.89-3.09 15

HRs controlled for:
- age
- study center

'Rather satisfied' women had a 5% increased risk for a myocardial infarct compared to 'very satisfied' men, 'unsatisfied' men had a 47% higher risk for a myocardial infarction compared to the 'very satisfied'.
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = ns                          HR    p  95%CI     n
Very satisfied(ref.)     1                  32
Rather satisfied         1.38  ns 0.91-2.10 82
Unsatisfied              1.41  ns 0.75-2.63 15

HR additionally controlled for:
- smoking
- alcohol use
- physical activity
- education
- waist/hip ratio
- fruit and vegetable consumption
- red meat consumption
- wholegrain bread consumption

'Rather satisfied' women had a 5% increased risk for a myocardial infarct compared to 'very satisfied' men, 'unsatisfied' men had a 47% higher risk for a myocardial infarction compared to the 'very satisfied'.
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns                          HR    p 95%CI      n  
Very satisfied(ref.)     1                  32
Rather satisfied         1.39  ns 0.92-2.12 82
Unsatisfied              1.26  ns 0.67-2.38 15

HR additionally controlled for:
- hypertension
- diabetes 2


'Rather satisfied' women had a 39% increased risk for a myocardial infarct compared to 'very satisfied' women, 'unsatisfied' women had a 26% higher risk for a myocardial infarction compared to the 'very satisfied'.