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Correlational findings

Study Feller et al. (2013): study DE 1994

Public:
35-65 aged, general population, Germany, followed 4 years1994-2008
Survey name:
EU-EPIC (Europ. Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) 1994-1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 48976
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Baseline instruments to collect several aspects on diet and life-style included self-administered questionnaires, PC-guided interviews and physical examinations

Correlate

Authors's label
Later stroke (cardio-vascular)
Our Classification
Operationalization
Stroke, diagnosed at follow-up

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - p < .05 T1 happiness by T2 stroke

MEN
                          HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.37 .02  1.03-1.84
Unsatisfied               1.60 .02  1.02-2.49

HR controlled for:
- age
- study center

'Rather satisfied' men had a 37% increased risk for a stroke compared to 'very satisfied' men, 'unsatisfied' men had a 60% higher risk for a stroke compared to the 'very satisfied'.
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - p < .05                           HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.33 .03  1.00-1.78
Unsatisfied               1.54 .03  0.98-2.40

HR additionally controlled for:
- smoking
- alcohol use
- physical activity
- education
- waist/hip ratio
- fruit and vegetable consumption
- red meat consumption
- wholegrain bread consumption
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns                           HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.30 .07  0.97-1.74
Unsatisfied               1.40 .07  0.89-2.19

HR additionally controlled for prevalent hypertension hazard risk
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - p < .05 WOMEN
                          HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.25 .01  0.89-1.76
Unsatisfied               1.99 .01  1.24-3.19
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns                           HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.04 .02  0.91-1.19
Unsatisfied               1.05 .02  0.84-1.31

HR additionally controlled for:
- smoking
- alcohol use
- physical activity
- education
- waist/hip ratio
- fruit and vegetable consumption
- red meat consumption
- wholegrain bread consumption
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - p < .05                           HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.20 .04  0.85-1.69
Unsatisfied               1.69 .04  1.05-2.73

HR additionally controlled for prevalent hypertension hazard risk