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Correlational findings

Study Feller et al. (2013): study DE 1994

Public:
35-65 aged, general population, Germany, followed 4 years1994-2008
Survey name:
EU-EPIC (Europ. Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) 1994-1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 48976
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Baseline instruments to collect several aspects on diet and life-style included self-administered questionnaires, PC-guided interviews and physical examinations

Correlate

Authors's label
Later diabetes type 2
Our Classification
Operationalization
Diabetes 2, diagnosed at follow-up

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns T1 happiness by T2 diabetes (8 years later)

MEN
                          HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.07 .07  0.93-1.22
Unsatisfied               1.12 .07  0.90-1.40

HR controlled for:
- age
- study center
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns                           HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.04  ns  0.91-1.19
Unsatisfied               1.05  ns  0.84-1.31

HR additionally controlled for:
- smoking
- alcohol use
- physical activity
- education
- waist/hip ratio
- fruit and vegetable consumption
- red meat consumption
- wholegrain bread consumption
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns                           HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.02  ns  0.89-1.16
Unsatisfied               1.00  ns  0.80-1.24

HR additionally controlled for prevalent hypertension
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - p < .05 WOMEN
                          HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.21 .001  1.02-1.43
Unsatisfied               1.53 .001  1.18-1.97
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns                           HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.17 .04  0.99-1.39
Unsatisfied               1.27 .04  0.98-1.65

HR additionally controlled for:
- smoking
- alcohol use
- physical activity
- education
- waist/hip ratio
- fruit and vegetable consumption
- red meat consumption
- wholegrain bread consumption
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns                           HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.17 .04  0.98-1.39
Unsatisfied               1.27 .04  0.98-1.64

HR additionally controlled for
- prevalent hypertension