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Correlational findings

Study Feller et al. (2013): study DE 1994

Public:
35-65 aged, general population, Germany, followed 4 years1994-2008
Survey name:
EU-EPIC (Europ. Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) 1994-1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 48976
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Baseline instruments to collect several aspects on diet and life-style included self-administered questionnaires, PC-guided interviews and physical examinations

Correlate

Authors's label
Later cancer
Our Classification
Operationalization
Cancer, diagnosed at follow-up

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - ns T1 happiness by T2 cancer (8 years later)

MEN
                          HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.05  ns  0.93-1.18
Unsatisfied               1.03  ns  0.83-1.26
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - p < .05 WOMEN
                          HR    p    95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1         
Rather satisfied          1.05  ns  0.92-1.20
Unsatisfied               1.47  ns  1.20-1.81

HR's controlled for:
- age
- study center

HR not significantly effected by additional control for:
- smoking
- alcohol use
- physical activity
- education, waist/hip ratio
- fruit and vegetable consumption
- red meat consumption
- wholegrain bread consumption
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b HR = - p < .05                           HR    p   95%CI
Very satisfied(ref.)      1
Rather satisfied          1.05  ns   0.91-1.19
Unsatisfied               1.45 .005 1.18-1.78

HR's additionally controlled for:
- smoking
- alcohol use
- physical activity
- education
- waist/hip ratio
- fruit and vegetable consumption
- red meat consumption
- wholegrain bread consumption