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Correlational findings

Study Feller et al. (2013): study DE 1994

Public:
35-65 aged, general population, Germany, followed 4 years1994-2008
Survey name:
EU-EPIC (Europ. Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) 1994-1998
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 48976
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Baseline instruments to collect several aspects on diet and life-style included self-administered questionnaires, PC-guided interviews and physical examinations

Correlate

Authors's label
Smoking
Our Classification
Operationalization
0 non-smoker
1 former smoker
2 current smoker

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b DMt = - T1 happiness by T1 smoking
                                          
               Very    Rather  
               Satisf. Satisf. Dissatisf. Mt
Non-smoker      32%     59%      9%       7,25
Former smoker   32%     59%      9%       7,25
Smoker          30%     58%     12%       7,08
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-b G = -.09 p < .001