Correlational findings

Study Crous et al. (2018): study ES 2017

11-16 aged secondary school pupils,Spain, 2017
N = 763
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
The questionnaire was delivered in groups to all the tudents that had returned the consent form in their usual classroom in 35-40 minute sessions. First, a researcher explained the aim of the study and the conficential nature of the data. They were told that it was an individual quaestionnaire to be completed voluntary and that questions could be left unanswered. Depending on the size of the group, 2 or 3 researchers were present to answer participants' questions. 1st and 2nd year pupis received a shortened, simplified version of the questionnaire.


Authors's Label
Importance for own happiness: Not afraid being alone
Our Classification
Self rated importance of this aspect to own happiness of a list of 28 items,
" Not afraid of being alone"

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-?-sq-n-11-b r = +.06 ns O-HL-?-sq-n-11-d r = +.00 ns O-SLW-?-sq-n-11-b Beta = -.12 p < .05 Beta controlled for:
- Appreciating small things in life
- Acting in line with my principles
- Having what I want
- Knowing that a lot of people love me
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-d Beta = -.13 p < .05 Beta controlled for:
- Appreciating small things in life
- Being happy
- Feeling that I am a fair and honest person
- Having plenty of money