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Correlational findings

Study Joshanloo et al. (2014): study ZZ 2014

Public:
Students, 14 nations, 2014
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2398
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Societal cynicism
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on 11 questions:
a To care about societal affairs only brings trouble for yourself
b Kind-hearted people usually suffer losses
c Old people are usually stubborn and biased
d It is rare to see a happy ending in real life
e People will stop working hard after they secure a comfortable life
f  Old people are a heavy burden on society
g Kind-hearted people are easily bullied
h People deeply in love are usually blind
i  Humility is dishonesty
j  Power and status make people arrogant
k Powerful people tend to exploit others

Rated:
1 'strongly believe'
-
-
-
11 'strongly disbelieve'

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW---sq-nt-11-a r = -.73 p < .01 AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE societal cynism in 14 nations