Correlational findings

Study Joshanloo et al. (2014): study ZZ 2014

Students, 14 nations, 2014
N = 2398
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Our Classification
Verticality Index (Smith et al.,2002)
Related specification variables
Respondents were asked to indicate on
five-point rating scales for each of these
events, how much they relied on each of eight
sources of guidance. These were:
1 one’s own experience and training
2 superiors
3 others at the same level as oneself
4 subordinates
5 specialists
6 formal rules and procedures
7 informal rules about ‘how things are usually done around here’
8 ‘beliefs which are widespread
in my country as to what is right’.

a Appointing a new subordinate in your department.
b When one of your subordinates is doing
consistently good work.
c When one of your subordinates is doing
consistently poor work.
d When some of the machinery or
equipment in your department seems to
need replacement.
e When another department does not
provide the resources or support that
you require.
f When there are differing opinions within
your department.
g When you see the need to introduce new
work procedures into your department.
h When the time comes to evaluate the
success of new work procedures.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-*-sq-nt-11-a r = -.45 ns AVERAGE HAPPINESS by AVERAGE verticality in 11 nations