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Correlational findings

Study Bonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2009 /2

Public:
15+aged, general public, Canada, 2009-2011
Survey name:
CCHS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 63000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)
Half of the respondents were interviewed by computer-assisted telephone, the other half by computer-assisted personal interview.

Correlate

Authors's label
Rural/urban area
Our Classification
Operationalization
a Toroonto
b Montreal
c Vancouver
d Other metropolitan area
e Other urban area
f  Rural area

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-eb b = -/+ ns Montreal (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2009  -.05    ns
2010  +.06    ns
2011  +.04    ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-eb b = -/+ ns Vancouver (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2009  -.05    ns
2010  +.08    ns
2011  -.01    ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-eb b = + Other metropolitan area (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2009  +.04    ns
2010  +.12   .01
2011  +.13   .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-eb b = + p < .05 Other urban area (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2009  +.12   .05
2010  +.21   .001
2011  +.20   .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-eb b = + p < .001 Rural area (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2009  +.17   .001
2010  +.27   .001
2011  +.23   .001

b's controlled for:
- sex
- age
- marital status
- number of children
- education
- immigrant
- employment status
- household income
- household size
- homeownership
- selfreported health
- geographical region