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Correlational findings

Study Ouweneel & Veenhoven (2018): study NL Rotterdam 1997

Public:
13+ aged, general public, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 1997-2009.
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 21091
Non Response:
67%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Happiness in districts of Rotterdam
Our Classification
Operationalization
1. Darkest: Oud Crooswijk, Tussendijke, Bospolder M = 2.95
2  Not so dark
3. Not so light
4. Lightest:  Nesselande, Kralingen-Ost, Terbregge M = 3.35

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ab DM = + Darkest             least happy M < 3.0
Not so dark                     M 3.05 < 3.10
Not so light                    M 3.10 < 3.15
Lightest            most happy  M >= 3.15