print

Correlational findings

Study Breslin et al. (2013): study GB 2009

Public:
16+ aged general public Northern Ireland, 2009
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4663
Non Response:
45,4%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Smoking
Our Classification
Operationalization
5: smokes daily
4: smokes occasionally
3: ex-smoker
2: ex-occasional smoker
1: never smoked (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-10-h OR = 0.75 p < .05 Smoking daily
CI95[0.63-0.88]
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-h OR = 0.60 p < .05 Smoking occasionally
CI95[0.44-0.83]
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-h OR = 0.92 ns Ex smoker
CI95[0.76-1.12]
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-h OR = 0.83 ns Ex occasional smoker
CI95[0.64-1.07]

OR's similar among people in good or bad health

OR's controled for:
- age
- social class

Happiness dichotomized: <7 vs 7 or more