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Correlational findings

Study Bonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2003

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Canada, 2003
Survey name:
CN-GSS 2003
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 24951
Non Response:
22%
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Urban/rural area
Our Classification
Operationalization
a Toronto (reference)
b Montreal
c Vancouver
d Other metropolitan area
e Other urban area
f Rural area

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = +.05 ns Montreal                (vs. Toronto) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = -.06 ns Vancouver               (vs. Toronto) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = +.10 p < .05 Other metropolitan area (vs. Toronto) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = +.20 p < .01 Other urban area        (vs. Toronto) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = +.26 p < .01 Rural area              (vs. Toronto)

b controlled for:
- sex
- age
- marital status
- education
- immigration
- employment status
- household income
- household size
- selfreported health
- geographic region