print

Correlational findings

Study Bonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2003

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Canada, 2003
Survey name:
CN-GSS 2003
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 24951
Non Response:
22%
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Urban/rural area
Our Classification
  • LOCAL: GEOGRAPHY Current local geographical conditions Community size Rural vs urban dwelling
  • REGION OF RESIDENCE Current area of residence
Operationalization
a Toronto (reference)
 b Montreal
 c Vancouver
 d Other metropolitan area
 e Other urban area
 f Rural area

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = +.05 Montreal                (vs. Toronto) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = -.06 Vancouver               (vs. Toronto) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = +.10 Other metropolitan area (vs. Toronto) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = +.20 Other urban area        (vs. Toronto) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j b = +.26 Rural area              (vs. Toronto)
 
 b controlled for:
 - sex
 - age
 - marital status
 - education
 - immigration
 - employment status
 - household income
 - household size
 - selfreported health
 - geographic region