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Correlational findings

Study Kye & Park (2014): study KR 2009

Public:
30-69 aged, general population, South Korea 2009
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1530
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Education level
Our Classification
Operationalization
1. Lower than middle school graduate
2. High school graduate
3. Higher than college graduate

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-4-m D% = + p < .001                   % happy %unhappy  %difference
- Level 1            50.5  49.5      +1
- Level 2            59.1  40.9      +18.2
- Level 3            66.5  33.5      +33
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-m OR = 1.1 p < .05 level 2 (vs 1) (vs lower)CI95[0,75-1,62] O-HL-g-sq-v-4-m OR = 1,4 p < .05 Level 3 (vs 1) CI95[0,90-2,31]

OR's controled for:
- socio-demographic factors
  - age
  - marital status
  - income
  - education
- stress
- healthy behavior
  - smoking
- exercise environment
  - parks
  - fitness clubs
  - mountain trails