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Correlational findings

Study Kye & Park (2014): study KR 2009

Public:
30-69 aged, general population, South Korea 2009
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1530
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Stress
Our Classification
Operationalization
The psychosocial well/being index in short form was used to assess the participants level of psychosocial stress. It contain the items as; social performance, self-confidence, general well-being and vitality, sleeping disturbance and anxiety.
1: low (reference
2: moderate
3: high

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-4-m D% = + p < .001 Current stress  
             % happy %unhappy  %difference
- low            97.6    2.4     +95.2
- moderate       65.6    34.4    +31.2
- high           13.4    86.6    -73.2
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-m OR = 0,05 p < .05 Moderate stress (vs low) CI95[0,01-0,16] O-HL-g-sq-v-4-m OR = 0.01 p < .05 High stress (vs low) CI95[0,00-0,01]

OR's controled for:
- socio-demographic factors
  - age
  - marital status
  - income
  - education
- healthy behavior
  - smoking
  - regular exercise
  - healthy eating
- exercise environment
  - parks
  - fitness clubs
  - mountain trails