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Correlational findings

Study Kye & Park (2014): study KR 2009

Public:
30-69 aged, general population, South Korea 2009
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1530
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Current smoking
Our Classification
Operationalization
Partcipants who were smoking during the face to face interviews were classified as smokers.
1 smoked
0 did not smoke

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-4-m D% = + p < .005 Current smoking   
             % happy %unhappy  %difference
- yes            53.4    46.6      +6.8
- no             61.5    38.5      +23
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-m OR = 0.79 p < .01 OR CI95[0,60-1,05] controled for:
- socio-demographic factors
  - age
  - marital status
  - income
  - education
- health behaviour
  - healthy eating
  - regular exercise
- stress
- exercise environment
  - parks
  - fitness clubs
  - mountain trails