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Correlational findings

Study Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966

Public:
Public highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1628
Non Response:
2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Interviews, tests and questionnaires

Correlate

Authors's label
Negative affective states
Our Classification
Operationalization
40-item index of closed questions on irritability (7 items), general anxiety (7 items), anxiety and tension (5 items), depression (6 items), anomie (8 items) and resentment (7 items). Scale: 1.00 = low to 5.00 = high negativity. Assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-g-mq-v-5-a tau = - p < .001                   Negative affective states
Happiness       T1       T2       T3       T4
T1       tau = -.54     -.35     -.33     -.31
T2       tau = -.37     -.56     -.43     -.39
T3       tau = -.31     -.45     -.61     -.45
T4       tau = -.35     -.42     -.46     -.52
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974