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Correlational findings

Study Grant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999

Public:
17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
Survey name:
Incidental survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 19647
Non Response:
17246
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Smoking in nation
Our Classification
Operationalization
% non-smokers  in region

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e D% = + p < .001 % non-smokers among ..
Dissatisfied         67   
Neutral              73
Moderately satisfied 76
Very satisfied       81
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e OR = + Dissatisfied         1   
Neutral              1,14 CI95 [0.92-1,41]
Moderately satisfied 1,24 CI95 [1,04-1,47]
Very satisfied       1,57 CI95 [1,16-2,13]

Similar pattern in all regions of the world
- most pronounced in Pacific Asia
- least proniunced in Central and Eastern Europe