print

Correlational findings

Study Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966

Public:
Public highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1628
Non Response:
2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Interviews, tests and questionnaires

Correlate

Authors's label
Rebellious behavior in school
Our Classification
Operationalization
T1 and T2: a mean of 13 items in which respondent indicated how often he did such things as "argue with your teachers," "goof-off in class," "skip classes," "cheat on tests," etc.
Scale: 1 = never to 5 = almost always

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-g-mq-v-5-a tau = - p < .001                Rebellious behavior in school
Happines           T1               T2
T1             tau = -.29         -.17
T2             tau = -.25         -.25
T3             tau = -.17         -.19
T4             tau = -.18         -.16
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970