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Correlational findings

Study Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966

Public:
Public highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1628
Non Response:
2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Interviews, tests and questionnaires

Correlate

Authors's label
Parental punitiveness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Index of 10 items at T1 in which the respondent rated his parents on how often they did such things as 'take away your privileges', 'threaten to slap you', 'yell, shout or scream at you', 'disagree about punishing you', etc. Scale: 1.00 = never, 5.00 = always

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-g-mq-v-5-a tau = - p < .001 T1 happiness:        tau = -.27  (001)
T2 happiness:        tau = -.21  (001)
T3 happiness:        tau = -.17  (001)
T4 happiness:        tau = -.16  (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970