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Correlational findings

Study Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966

Public:
Public highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1628
Non Response:
2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Assessment:
Multiple assesment methods
Interviews, tests and questionnaires

Correlate

Authors's Label
Parental punitiveness
Our Classification
Operationalization
T1 self report on 10 questions about how often parents  did such things as
-  take away your privileges
-  threaten to slap you
-  yell, shout or scream at you
-  disagree about punishing you
full list not reported.

Rated
1.00 = never

:5.00 = always

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-g-mq-v-5-a tau = - p < .001                      T1 parental punitiveness
T1 happiness:        tau = -.27  (001)
T2 happiness:        tau = -.21  (001)
T3 happiness:        tau = -.17  (001)
T4 happiness:        tau = -.16  (001)

T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970