print

Correlational findings

Study Liu et al. (2015a): study GB 1996

Public:
Female, aged 50-69, United Kingdom, 1996-2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1300000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
At recruitment, and every 3-5 years subsequently women were posted a quaestionnaire asking about sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and health.

Correlate

Authors's label
Mortally ill
Our Classification
Operationalization
1 Not mortally ill
2 Mortally ill (died within 3 years after baseline)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-u-sq-v-4-d D% = + All women:
                        Died  Alive  Diff.
Unhappy(%)               19,2 16,8   -2,4
Usually happy (%)        43,5 43,9   +0,4
Happy most of the time(%)37,3 39,3   +2,0

Women reporting poor/fair health at baseline:
                         Died    Did not die
Unhappy(%)               33,2     43,5
Usually happy (%)        42,2     41,9
Happy most of the time(%)24,3     23,3

Women reporting good/excellent health at baseline:
                         Died    Did not die
Unhappy(%)               12,5     12,5
Usually happy (%)        44,1     44,4
Happy most of the time(%)43,4     43,1
M-TH-u-sq-v-4-d OR = + p < .05 All women:
Unhappy (vs. happy most of the time):
OR=1.29 CI95[1.25-1.33]
Usually happy (vs. happy most of the time):
OR=1.05 CI95[1.03-1.08]

Women w. poor/fair health at baseline:
Unhappy (vs. happy most of the time):
OR=0.99 CI99[0.94-1.04]
Usually happy (vs. happy most of the time):
OR=0.97 CI95[0.92-1.02]

Women w. good/excellent health at baseline:
Unhappy (vs. happy most of the time):
OR=1.06 CI95[1.02-1.11]
Usually happy (vs. happy most of the time):
OR=1.00 CI95[0.97-1.03]

OR's controlled for age. When additionally controlling for health and/or other factors the effect largely disappears and OR is close to 1.