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Correlational findings

Study Gao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998

Public:
65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
Survey name:
CN-Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 50674
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
N = observarions, not respondents! Many (most?) respondents participated 5 times!

Correlate

Authors's label
Frequency visits by child or sibling
Our Classification
Operationalization
children paying frequent visits
yes = 1; no = 0 (reference)

sibling paying frequent visits
yes = 1; no = 0 (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OPRC = Individual happiness by current contacts with children and siblings.

OPRC controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
-Real GDP per capita
-Government medical expenses
-Government Size
-Capital Formation Rate

individual characteristics:
-Gender
-Living arrangement
-Age (groups)
-Urban (residence)
-Etnicity (Han = 1)
-Education
-White Collar (= 1)
-Chronic conditions score
-ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OPRC = +.18 p < .01 Frequently visited by children
(OPRC = +0,182)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OPRC = +.08 p < .01 Frequently visited by sibling
(OPRC = +0,0776)