Correlational findings

Study Gao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998

65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
Survey name
CN-Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity
N =
Non Response
not reported
Interview: face-to-face
N = observarions, not respondents! Many (most?) respondents participated 5 times!


Authors's Label
Living arrangement, alone, with spouse, child, both, or others
Our Classification
a: living alone (reference group)
b: living in institution,
c: living with spouse,
d :living with child,
e :living with child and spouse,
f: living with others

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OLRC = Individual happiness by living arrangement.

OPRC controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
-Real GDP per capita
-Government medical expenses
-Government Size
-Capital Formation Rate

-individual characteristics:
-Age (groups)
-Urban (residence)
-Etnicity (Han = 1)
-White Collar (= 1)
-Frequency visits by child or sibling
-Chronic conditions score
-ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OPRC = +.61 p < .01 Living in institution
(OPRC = +0,612)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OPRC = +.27 p < .01 living with spouse
(OPRC = +0,267)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OPRC = +.43 p < .01 living with child
(OPRC = 0,+0,425)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OPRC = +.35 p < .01 living with child & spouse
(OPRC = +0,346)
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-b OPRC = +.33 p < .01 living with others
(OPRC = +0,326)