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Correlational findings

Study Posel & Casale (2011): study ZA 2008

Public:
17+ aged general public, South-Africa., 2008
Survey name:
US-National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS) 2008
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 28000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Assumed by WDH team.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Perceived to be better/worse off than at age 15
Our Classification
Distribution
3. M = 0.55 SE = 0.008
2. M = 0.31 SE = 0.007
1. M = 0.13 SE = 0.005
Operationalization
Perceived to be
3. better
2. same
1. worse
off than at age 15:

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I OPRC = +.33 p < .01 Percieved to be better than age 15 (vs same)
- Africans only OPRC = +0.34 (p<.01)
- Whites only   OPRC = -0.14 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I OPRC = -.12 p < .01 Percieved to be worse  than age 15 (vs same)
- Africans only OPRC = -.05 (ns)
- Whites only   OPRC = -.27 (p<.05)

OPRC's controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - ethnicity
  - head
  - age
  - years of schooling
  - sexe
  - marital status
  - health status
- household characteristics
  - number of children
  - number of pensioners
  - quality dwelling place
- social capital variables
  - involved in religious activities
  - neighbours help out
  - neighbours are aggressive
  - crime in neighbourhood
  - member of a group
  - owns a cellular phone
- income variables
  - per capita household income (Rands)
  - actual rank in SA (richest, middle, poorest)
  - percieved rank in SA (richest, middle, poorest)
  - percieved rank in village/suburb (richest, poorest)
    - expect to be better/same/worse off 2 years hence