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Correlational findings

Study Ram (2009): study ZZ 2006 /1

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 87 nations, 2006
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 4
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 87000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
(international) Openness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Exports + imports as percentage of GDP, 2003.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW---sq-nt-11-a b = +.00 ns AVERAGE happiness by openness of economy in 87 nations. O-Sum---mq-*-14-a b = +.00 ns b's controlled for:
- Real GDP per capita
- Government consumption
- Investment price-level
- Dummies for:
  - transition (former socialist) economies
  - OECD high income countries
  - African and Latin American countries