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Correlational findings

Study Lelkes (2002): study HU 1992

Public:
16+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1992-1998
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 9167
Non Response:
Assessment:

Not reported.

Correlate

Authors's label
Education level
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: Elementary education
1: Other
    a: Vocational training
    b: Secondary education
    c: Higher education

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.37 p < .01 none VOCATIONAL EDUCATION (vs elementary education)
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.42 p < .01 none 1998 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.06 p < .01 none 1992 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.07 p < .01 none 1998 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.37 p < .01 none Full pooled sample O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.05 ns) O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.11 ns none Religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.40 ns) O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.25 ns none Religious, excluding new believers
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.16 ns) O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.39 p < .01 none Non-religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.03 ns) O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.62 p < .01 none SECONDARY EDUCATION (vs elementary education)
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.93 p < .01 none 1998 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.10 p < .01 none 1992 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.15 p < .01 none 1998 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.62 p < .01 none Full pooled sample O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.30 p<.05) O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.85 p < .01 none Religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.14 ns) O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.80 p < .01 none Religious, excluding new believers
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.12 ns) O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +.56 p < .01 none Non-religious only
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.35 p<.05) O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +1.0 p < .01 none HIGHER EDUCATION (vs elementary education)
1992
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +1.4 p < .01 none 1998 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.11 p < .01 none 1992 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.16 p < .01 none 1998 O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a b = +1.0 p < .01 none Full sample
Full pooled sample
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-a = none Interaction with 1998 dummy (b=+.32 ns)

b and Beta control for:
-religious involvement
-employment status
-income
-education level
-age
-gender
-Gypsy ethnicity
-living in Budapest
-marital status
-number of children

Similar results are obtained when personal income is used instead of household income adjusted for household size.

Analysis incorporates sampling weights for the correction of sampling design (1992) and sample fit (1998).